Societal-Level Versus Individual-Level Predictions of Ethical Behavior: A 48-Society Study of Collectivism and Individualism

Título: Societal-Level Versus Individual-Level Predictions of Ethical Behavior: A 48-Society Study of Collectivism and Individualism

Autores: RALSTON, David A.; EGRI, Carolyn P.; FURRER, Olivier; MIN-HSUN, Kuo; LI, Yongjuan; WANGENHEIM, Florian; DABIC, Marina; NAOUMOVA, Irina; CARRANZA, Maria Teresa de la Garza; FU, Ping Ping; POTOCAN, Vojko V.; PEKERTI, Andre; LENARTOWICZ, Tomasz; SRINVASAN, Narasimhan; ROSSI, Ana Maria; SZABO, Erna; BUTT, Arif; PALMER, Ian; RAMBURUTH, Prem; BROCK, David M.; TERPSTRA-TONG, Jane; GRISON, Ilya; REYNAUD, Emmanuelle; RICHARDS, Malika; HALLINGER, Philip; CASTRO, Francisco B.; GUTIERREZ, Jaime Ruiz; MILTON, Laurie; ANSARI, Mahfooz; STARKUZ, Arunas; MOCKAITIZ, Audra; DALGIC, Tevfik; DARDER, Fidel Leon; THANH, Hung Vu; MOON, Yong-lin; MOLTENI, Mario; FANG, Yonqing; PLA-BARBER, Jose; ALAS, Ruth; MAIGNAN, Isabelle; JESUINO, Jorge C.; LEE, Chay-Hoon; NICHOLSON, Joel D.; CHIA, Ho-Beng; DANIS, Wade; WEBER, Mark.

Resumo/Sinopse: Is the societal-level of analysis sufficient today to understand the values of those in the global workforce? Or are individual-level analyses more appropriate for assessing the influence of values on ethical behaviors across country workforces? Using multi-level analyses for a 48-society sample, we test the utility of both the societal-level and individual-level dimensions of collectivism and individualism values for predicting ethical behaviors of business professionals. Our values-based behavioral analysis indicates that values at the individual-level make a more significant contribution to explaining variance in ethical behaviors than do values at the societal-level. Implicitly, our findings question the soundness of using societal-level values measures. Implications for international business research are discussed.

Data de publicação: 2014

Periódico/Editora: June 2014, Volume 122, Issue 2, pp 283–306

Palavras-chave: Cultural values Influence ethics Hierarchical linear modeling Collectivism Individualism